The President did not start the constitutional debate. An open society has on-going debates
The President doesn’t open the constitutional debate, he narrows it. Women who took the Black Protest to the streets, protesters against the assault on courts – that was the debate
So called “Good change” in the Polish system of the administration of justice
Rule of law in Poland. State of play in October 2017. Analysis by judge Dariusz Mazur and judge Waldemar Żurek.
The position of the Board of the Faculty of Law and Administration at the Jagiellonian University of 8 May 2017 regarding the proposed amendments to acts concerning the judiciary
On 8 May 2017, the Board of the Faculty of Law and Administration at the Jagiellonian University expressed its position on the compliance of two draft acts currently undergoing legislative processes with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.
Freedom House Report “Nations in Transit” 2017 – Poland’s democracy score declines
The report “Nations in Transit”, published yearly by Freedom House, analyses key factors of democratic rule in post-communist countries in Europe and Central Asia. The report’s 2017 edition shows a clear decline of democracy in Poland. The country was doing worse in the fields of National Democratic Governance, Judicial Framework and Independence, Independent Media, Civil Society and Local Democratic Governance
Poland: Independence of public service media – report by ARTICLE 19 and Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights
ARTICLE 19 and HFHR find that freedom, independence and pluralism of the media are under severe threat in Poland. The new legislation and administrative actions related to media companies and personnel restrict freedoms and increase or introduce political or executive branch control over National Media Council, media expression and management of media companies. Only international pressure has momentarily slowed down further government capture of independent media.
2nd European Commission recommendation on the rule of law in Poland
On 21 December 2016, the European Commission decided to issue a second Rule of Law Recommendation. The Commission consideres that whereas some of the issues raised in its last Recommendation of 27 July 2016 have been addressed, important issues remain unresolved, and new concerns have arisen in the meantime
The constitutional crisis in Poland 2015-2016 – report by Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights
Details of the course of events and the stages of the Constitutional Tribunal capture crisis, supported by contemporaneous press releases, opinions, expert analyses, quoted statements of politicians. Report also includes reactions of Polish and supranational bodies and institutions. In conclusion, the crisis is assessed as violating the principles of the separation of powers and the rule of law.
1st European Commission recommendation on the rule of law in Poland
On 27 July 2016 European Commission adopted a Rule of Law Recommendation on the situation in Poland, setting out the Commission’s concerns and recommending how these can be addressed. The Commission believes that there is a systemic threat to the rule of law in Poland
PiS Threatens to Take Over Courts, Liquidate Supreme Court, and Challenge CJEU
Kaczyński announces the takeover of the courts after the elections. He threatens: ‘No one will stop us’
Prosecution of Bydgoszcz judges by Radzik. The president will not intervene. ‘Premature and unauthorised’
Extraordinary meeting of the new National Council for Judiciary. ‘A tribute of surrender’.
PiS spy law has been passed. ‘An open door for striking at journalists and not only’