Poland’s government is undermining the rule of law
Last month, the new Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki pushed two bills through parliament that gave his government and his party increased control over Poland’s courts. Just before the laws were signed by Polish President Andrzej Duda on Dec. 20, Morawiecki chose to address the American people and defend this decision in the pages of the Washington Examiner.
2017 Independence Day March in Warsaw and freedom of assembly in Poland
Expressing opinions opposing the authorities draws repressions. Supporting the authorities ensures impunity. Inequality of treatment becomes a fact
The President did not start the constitutional debate. An open society has on-going debates
The President doesn’t open the constitutional debate, he narrows it. Women who took the Black Protest to the streets, protesters against the assault on courts – that was the debate
So called “Good change” in the Polish system of the administration of justice
Rule of law in Poland. State of play in October 2017. Analysis by judge Dariusz Mazur and judge Waldemar Żurek.
The position of the Board of the Faculty of Law and Administration at the Jagiellonian University of 8 May 2017 regarding the proposed amendments to acts concerning the judiciary
On 8 May 2017, the Board of the Faculty of Law and Administration at the Jagiellonian University expressed its position on the compliance of two draft acts currently undergoing legislative processes with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.
Freedom House Report “Nations in Transit” 2017 – Poland’s democracy score declines
The report “Nations in Transit”, published yearly by Freedom House, analyses key factors of democratic rule in post-communist countries in Europe and Central Asia. The report’s 2017 edition shows a clear decline of democracy in Poland. The country was doing worse in the fields of National Democratic Governance, Judicial Framework and Independence, Independent Media, Civil Society and Local Democratic Governance
Poland: Independence of public service media – report by ARTICLE 19 and Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights
ARTICLE 19 and HFHR find that freedom, independence and pluralism of the media are under severe threat in Poland. The new legislation and administrative actions related to media companies and personnel restrict freedoms and increase or introduce political or executive branch control over National Media Council, media expression and management of media companies. Only international pressure has momentarily slowed down further government capture of independent media.
2nd European Commission recommendation on the rule of law in Poland
On 21 December 2016, the European Commission decided to issue a second Rule of Law Recommendation. The Commission consideres that whereas some of the issues raised in its last Recommendation of 27 July 2016 have been addressed, important issues remain unresolved, and new concerns have arisen in the meantime
The constitutional crisis in Poland 2015-2016 – report by Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights
Details of the course of events and the stages of the Constitutional Tribunal capture crisis, supported by contemporaneous press releases, opinions, expert analyses, quoted statements of politicians. Report also includes reactions of Polish and supranational bodies and institutions. In conclusion, the crisis is assessed as violating the principles of the separation of powers and the rule of law.
1st European Commission recommendation on the rule of law in Poland
On 27 July 2016 European Commission adopted a Rule of Law Recommendation on the situation in Poland, setting out the Commission’s concerns and recommending how these can be addressed. The Commission believes that there is a systemic threat to the rule of law in Poland
Łętowska: It was a “cooperative”, and the judges were co-opted to offer support. A new Council must be chosen
Commissioner for Human Rights Adam Bodnar: On the Anatomy of the Crime Against the Polish Judiciary
Extraordinary Control and Public Affairs Chamber to euthanise the Supreme Court’s own resolution
“Constitutional Tribunal has virtually been abolished,” announce retired judges
Translation of Supreme Court rulings applying ECJ judgment of 19 November 2019